Từ vựng topic

A feeling of general dissatisfaction in individuals: Cảm giác không hài lòng chung ở các cá nhân. 

Lead a healthy and balanced life: Sống một cuộc sống lành mạnh và cân bằng. 
Ví dụ: Extended working hours are associated with increasing demands in the workplace, preventing employees from leading a healthy and balanced life.

Weekly overtime standards for corporations: Tiêu chuẩn làm thêm giờ hàng tuần cho các công ty.
Ví dụ:  I believe governments should enact laws that impose weekly overtime standards for corporations.

Stem from increasing demand in the workplace: Xuất phát từ nhu cầu ngày càng tăng tại nơi làm việc. 
Ví dụ: The need to work additional hours often stems from increasing demand in the workplace. 

Assume a high volume of work: Đảm nhận khối lượng công việc lớn. 
Ví dụ: To keep up with competition in an increasingly globalised marketplace, employees are expected to assume a high volume of work, often with inadequate staff levels and support.

Integrate complicated software system: Tích hợp hệ thống phần mềm phức tạp 
Ví dụ: A program developer in Vietnam generally spends an average of 10 hours at work per day integrating complicated software systems, which would not be necessary if he was accompanied by a colleague.

Become a catalyst for stress and depression: Trở thành chất xúc tác cho căng thẳng và trầm cảm. 
Ví dụ: As a result, this can generate a feeling of general dissatisfaction in individuals, potentially becoming a catalyst for stress and depression in the long run. 

Excessive workloads: Khối lượng công việc quá lớn 
Ví dụ: The primary cause of this change is excessive workloads and the effects on one's health and quality of life are decidedly detrimental. 

An increasingly globalised marketplace: Thị trường ngày càng toàn cầu hóa 

Lack of sufficient rest: Thiếu sự nghỉ ngơi đầy đủ. 
Ví dụ: First of all, working overtime can lead to a lack of sufficient rest, decrease in energy and eventually health conditions in extreme cases. 

Spinal injuries: Chấn thương cột sống. 

Arthritis: Viêm khớp. 

Increased risk of strokes: Tăng nguy cơ đột quỵ. 
Ví dụ: This is illustrated in research conducted in Japanese white-collars workers, who have to sit in their offices for up to 14 hours, resulting in spinal injuries, arthritis and increased risk of strokes.

Weaken bonds between family members: Làm suy yếu mối quan hệ giữa các thành viên trong gia đình. 
Ví dụ: As more time is spent at work, workers necessarily have less time for their loved ones, which can weaken bonds between family members and friends.